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Loudoun County, VA

Loudoun County, VA

Loudoun County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, and is part of the Washington Metropolitan Area. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the county is estimated to be home to 312,311 people, an 84 percent increase over the 2000 figure of 169,599. That increase makes the county the fourth fastest-growing in the United States during that period. Its county seat is Leesburg. As of 2007, the town had been county seat for 249 of the last 250 years.

As of 2007, Loudoun County has the highest median household income of any county in the United States ($107,207), beating neighboring Fairfax County, Virginia ($105,241). The two counties have been trading places as the highest-income county in the United States in recent years.

Loudoun County was established in 1757 from Fairfax County. The county is named for John Campbell, Fourth Earl of Loudoun and Governor of Virginia from 1756–59. Western settlement began in the 1720s and 1730s with Quakers, Scots-Irish, Germans and others moving south from Pennsylvania and Maryland and by English and African slaves moving upriver from Tidewater.

By the time of the American Revolution, it was the most populous county in Virginia. During the War of 1812, important Federal documents and government archives were evacuated from Washington and stored at Leesburg for safe keeping. Local tradition holds that these documents were stored at Rokeby House and thus that Leesburg was briefly the capital of the United States.

Early in the American Civil War, the Battle of Balls Bluff took place near Leesburg on October 21, 1861. Future jurist Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. was critically wounded in that battle along the Potomac River. During the Gettysburg Campaign in June 1863, Confederate Major General J.E.B. Stuart and Union cavalry clashed in the battles of Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville. Confederate partisan John S. Mosby based his operations in Loudoun and adjoining Fauquier County (for a more in-depth account of the history of Loudoun County during the Civil War, see Loudoun County in the American Civil War). Loudoun County, VA The Town of Leesburg, the county seat, was once named "George Town" honoring King George II. Leesburg was established in 1758 from land originally held by Lord Fairfax, then renamed for the influential Lee family of Virginia. The town was formed at the crossroads of two Colonial roads, now Routes 7 and 15, and is the seat of government for beautiful Loudoun County. Leesburg is located just 35 miles northwest of Washington DC, at the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains.

George C. Marshall, architect of the Marshall Plan and former Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense, lived in Leesburg until his death in 1959.

The Town of Middleburg, located just an hour's drive west from the nation's capital, is best known as the capital of Virginia's famous Hunt Country. The town was so named because it was midway on the Winchester-to-Alexandria trading route known as the Ashby Gap Road, which is now Route 50. Serving as a host community for more than 250 years, it is no surprise that Middleburg has developed such a high concentration of fine inns, shops and restaurants.

Foxhunting in Virginia began in the Middleburg area around 1748, when Thomas the sixth Lord Fairfax, set up the first pack of foxhounds in the English manner of the order of the present day hunts. Hunting was a casual sport enjoyed by local families until the first hunt, the Piedmont, was organized in 1905. Today there are 10 active hunts in the Hunt Country proper.

The John Singleton Mosby Heritage Area is remarkable not only for its history and natural beauty, but also because it retains so much of the landscape and landmarks of three centuries of our past. Native Americans followed the buffalo along what is now Route 50, the John S. Mosby Highway. Quakers, Scotch-Irish, Germans, Africans, Tidewater planters -- created here a magnificent heritage of architecture and landscape which can teach us vividly about the past.

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As of the census of 2010,there were 312,311 people, 104,583 households, and 80,494 families residing in the county. The population density was 606 people per square mile (234/km²). There were 109,442 housing units at an average density of 212 per square mile (82/km²). The racial makeup of the county was:

  • 68.7% White
  • 7.3% Black or African American
  • 14.7% Asian
  • 0.3% Native American
  • 0.1% Pacific Islander
  • 4.9% from other races
  • 4% from two or more races
  • 12.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race (3.4% Salvadoran, 1.8% Mexican, 1.3% Peruvian, 0.9% Puerto Rican, 0.6% Honduran, 0.6% Bolivian, 0.5% Guatemalan, 0.5% Colombian)
  • 15.7% were of German, 12.2% English, 13.2% Irish, 4.7% American and 7.1% Italian ancestry according to 2010 United States Census.
As of 2000 there were 59,900 households out of which 43.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.30% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.80% were non-families. 18.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.80% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 38.90% from 25 to 44, 20.00% from 45 to 64, and 5.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50

males. In August 2008, Census survey data concluded that Loudoun County has the highest median income in the country at just over $107,000. A 2007 estimate indicated that the median income for a household was $104,612, and the median income for a family was $125,381.
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History of Loudoun County - Loudoun Museum

Loudoun County, VA Exhibits at the Loudoun Museum throughout the year offer visitors something new to learn about Loudoun's rich and diverse heritage. Exhibits are designed to be educational, entertaining and a little different. The museum is dedicated to telling the stories of the people of the county, with the tools, toys, and treasures made and used by her residents.

The Museum reopened July 1, 2010, after extensive repairs and four months' relocation in the Log Cabin. The current exhibit featuring new acquisitions that tell the stories from Ashburn to Yardley Taylor!

Children's Activities: The Loudoun Museum hosts free programs several times a year to highlight different aspects of Loudoun's heritage. These Children's Activities are planned in conjunction with Special Events in historic Leesburg. Costumed interpreters and living historians illustrate life during the 18th and 19th centuries. Children enjoy crafts, storytelling and games that focus on daily living skills.

Walking Tours of Historic Leesburg. The walking tours of Leesburg last one hour and the guides address many aspects of the town and county's cultural history. Tours are available, by reservation, Monday through Friday from 10:00 am until 4:00 pm.

Children's Programs: All of the museum's programs for public, private and home-schooled students are lively interpretations of Loudoun County's unique past. Each program features hands-on object exploration, images, demonstrations, costumes and activities. Our educators will adapt each program to the students' ages, abilities and interests.